Cattle and buffalo are limited mainly to the subtropical humid belt, while yaks and sheep are herded in the higher elevations in the north.  Sikkim's most popular sports are football and cricket, although hang gliding and river rafting have grown popular as part of the tourism industry. CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION 8 2.1 The need for adaptation 8 2.2 Adaptation and the UNFCCC 10 III. , Western rock music and Indian pop have gained a wide following in Sikkim. , The origin theory of the name Sikkim is that it is a combination of two Limbu words: su, which means "new", and khyim, which means "palace" or "house". In Gangtok, temperatures in January (the coldest month) drop into the low 30s F (about 0 °C); in August (the warmest month), temperatures may reach the low 80s F (about 28 °C). 73 The river influences the life pattern and economy of the Sikkimese and others in Eastern India, parts of West Bengal and Bangladesh (Mukhopadya 1982). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Beans, ginger, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, and tea also are grown. A fifth-generation descendant of Khye Bumsa, Phuntsog Namgyal, became the founder of Sikkim's monarchy in 1642, when he was consecrated as the first Chogyal, or priest-king, of Sikkim by the three venerated lamas at Yuksom. Channels served are largely the same as those available in the rest of India, although Nepali-language channels are also available. the level trends and pattern of urbanity process and with deals with various numerous techniques to explain the changing factors of urbanization of Sikkim. Sikkim’s cultural life, though showing strong Tibetan influences, retains a character derived from the various tribes of Sikkim and their pre-Buddhist customs. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. In April of that year, the Indian Army took over the city of Gangtok and disarmed the Chogyal's palace guards. The second striking pattern is the most backward tribal sub- districtregarding housing amenities also situated in the developed districts of the state such as Kota and Bilha block of Bilaspur, Kharsia block of Raigarh districts. Sikkim came under the suzerainty of India, which controlled its external affairs, defence, diplomacy and communications. , Prior to Indian independence, Jawaharlal Nehru, as the Vice President of the Executive Council, pushed through a resolution in the Indian Constituent Assembly to the effect that Sikkim and Bhutan, as Himalayan states, were not 'Indian states' and their future should be negotiated separately. GATE Architecture & Planning Engineering Exam Pattern. Rongyek jail in Gangtok is Sikkim's only central jail. The summit of Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is the state's highest point, situated on the border between Sikkim and Nepal. Sikkim: State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) for FY 2015-16 4 7.  Sikkim was gradually granted more sovereignty over the next three decades, and became a member of the Chamber of Princes, the assembly representing the rulers of the Indian princely states, in 1922. Nepali rock and Lepcha music are also popular. The campus of the National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT), under the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology of the Government of India, is at Pakyong in East Sikkim, and offers formal and informal education in the IT/ITES sector. Date of sanction of the project : 9 th Dec 2014 The state has five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and monsoon season. Rural Housing Schemes in India 2020. Rural regions are served by primary health centres and subcentres.  The current Governor of Sikkim is Ganga Prasad. Long Period Average (LPA) temperature and rainfall trends influence snow accumulation and ablation pattern. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the temperate elevations above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) there are Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests, where oaks, chestnuts, maples, birches, alders, and magnolias grow in large numbers, as well as Himalayan subtropical pine forests, dominated by Chir pine. Fax No : 03592-205087 . Long a sovereign political entity, Sikkim became a protectorate of India in 1950 and an Indian state in 1975. It enjoyed the highest literacy rate and per capita income among Himalayan states.  In historical Indian literature, Sikkim is known as Indrakil, the garden of the war god Indra.. Land enough to carry on projects such as schools or home stay and many more as per your requirement. 4.1 Number of Housing Units and Inhabitants Each building typically has 1 housing unit(s). Gangtok (/ ˈ ɡ æ ŋ t ɒ k / (), Nepali: ) is a city, municipality, the capital and the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim.It is also the headquarters of the East Sikkim district. The Sikkim basin is drained by the Tista River and its tributaries, such as the Rangit, Lhonak, Talung, and Lachung, which have cut deep valleys into the mountains. Sikkim is also close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. Bhandari held on to power in the 1984 and 1989 elections. Delhi.ppt 1. Twenty-seven years later Assam was rattled by a massive earthquake in 1897 in which all the modern structures constructed by the British were damaged or destroyed. The fauna of Sikkim include the snow leopard, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, red panda, Himalayan marmot, Himalayan serow, Himalayan goral, muntjac, common langur, Asian black bear, clouded leopard, marbled cat, leopard cat, dhole, Tibetan wolf, hog badger, binturong, and Himalayan jungle cat. Owing to its altitudinal gradation, the state has a wide variety of plants, from tropical species to temperate, alpine and tundra ones, and is perhaps one of the few regions to exhibit such a diversity within such a small area. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. Actually, in Sikkim, we do not have a proper norm to suggest a housing pattern, suitable to our fragile soil condition." Sikkim has more than 550 species of birds, some of which have been declared endangered. The climate pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with average state rainfall 254 centimetres (100 in) per annum. Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state.  Christmas has been promoted in Gangtok to attract tourists during the off-season. The palace attempted to defuse the movement by appointing three secretaries from the SSC to the government and sponsoring a counter-movement in the name of Sikkim National Party, which opposed accession to India. The state participates in national programs to control tuberculosis, blindness, and other diseases. Sikkim's climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the north. Culture • The Mizos are usually settled which means they have a well organized community and houses that reflect this lifestyle. , The hills of Sikkim mainly consist of gneiss and schist which weather to produce generally poor and shallow brown clay soils. Christians in Sikkim are mostly descendants of Lepchas who were converted by British missionaries in the late 19th century, and constitute around 10 percent of the population. Among all the major sectors, the construction sector has registered the highest growth in job creation. Sikkim has a National Institute of Technology, currently operating from a temporary campus in Ravangla, South Sikkim, which is one among the ten newly sanctioned NITs by the Government of India under the 11th Five year Plan, 2009. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. ", Indian Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Four New Strategies to Grow the Organic Agriculture Sector", "Sikkim becomes India's first organic state", "Ban on styrofoam products and on use of mineral water bottles in government functions and meetings in Sikkim", "How Sikkim became the cleanest state in India", "Welcome to Sikkim – General Information", Rose, Modernizing a Traditional Administrative System 1978, Duff, Sikkim: Requiem for a Himalayan Kingdom 2015, "Nehru accepted Tibet as a part of China: Rajnath", "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat", "Himalayan quake toll climbs to 116, 40 stranded foreign tourists rescued", "Earthquake toll over 80; India 68; as rescue teams reach quake epicentre", "First commission on study of glaciers launched by Sikkim", "Judge strengths in High Courts increased", "Sikkim Assembly election results 2019: Full list of winners", "Sikkim Assembly Elections 2019: All You Need to Know", "In Gangtok, Ganga Prasad takes oath as new Governor of Sikkim, replaces Shriniwas Patil", "Information of Foreign Tourist Interest", "Integrating ethnobiological knowledge into biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Himalayas", "Evaluating high-altitude Ramsar wetlands in the Sikkim Eastern Himalayas", "State Animals, Birds, Trees and Flowers of India", "Indian online gambling market set to open up", "India China border trade at Nathu La closed for this year", "Sikkim's Pakyong airport stuns before it flies", "Sikkim's first airport to be ready by 2014", "First commercial flight lands at Pakyong", "Patel word on speedy airport completion—Sikkim hopes for spurt in tourist inflow", "Finally, Sevoke-Rangpo railway link on track", Indian Railways new Sivok-Rangpo rail project: Travel from West Bengal to Sikkim in just 2 hours, Very soon, travelling to Sikkim by train will be a possibility, "Sikkim becomes first state to achieve 100 percent sanitation", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "State-wise: Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate", "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011", "Census of India – Religious Composition", "C-1 Population By Religious Community – Sikkim", "Sleepy capital comes alive to beats of GenX", "In the process of Constitutional democracy, Sikkim has not lagged behind-Governor", "Hon'ble Governor of Sikkim inaugurated "PARAM Kanchenjunga" at NIT Sikkim". Bamboo is primarily used as load distributors rather than as a main load bearing element and . Agriculture Department; Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Services Department Sikkim achieved its ambition to convert its agriculture to fully organic between 2003 and 2016, and became the first state in India to achieve this distinction. National Highway 10 (NH 10; formerly NH 31A) links Siliguri to Gangtok. The state is divided into a handful of districts. , The majority of Sikkim's residents are of Nepali ethnic origin. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants. Posted on 23rd Dec, 2020 by Owner. Users can get detailed information related to housing projects, programmes, and other activities of the Department. for its very low crime rate.  The NIT Sikkim also has state of art super computing facility named PARAM Kanchenjunga which is said to be fastest among all 31 NITs. After India attained independence in 1947, political parties began to be formed in Sikkim for the first time. Sikkim: State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) for FY 2015-16 4 7. Alpine-type vegetation is typically found between an altitude of 3,500 to 5,000 metres (11,500 to 16,400 ft). The hydroelectric potential of Sikkim’s Tista River system is considerable. , According to the 2011 census, 57.8% follow Hinduism, making it the state's majority religion. Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, ... Bamboos are traditionally important in supplying housing, tools and other implements, musical instruments and other handicrafts (McClure 1966). , Noodle-based dishes such as thukpa, chow mein, thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are common in Sikkim. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with temperatures seldom exceeding 28 °C (82 °F) in summer. On 8 December 2008, it was announced that Sikkim had become the first state in India to achieve 100 per cent sanitation coverage, becoming completely free of public defecation, thus attaining the status of "Nirmal State". More than two-fifths of Sikkim is forested. Housing the world’s third highest peak Mount Kanchenjunga (8586 meters) within its bounds, this Himalayan state offers you ample reasons to visit it right away. and ablation pattern in Sikkim as compared to the Western Himalayas.  A standstill agreement was signed in February 1948. The state has 28 mountain peaks, more than 80 glaciers, 227 high-altitude lakes (including the Tsongmo, Gurudongmar and Khecheopalri Lakes), five major hot springs, and more than 100 rivers and streams. The party sent a plate of demands to the palace, including a demand for accession to India. Between 1717 and 1733, the kingdom faced many raids by the Nepalese in the west and Bhutanese in the east, culminating with the destruction of the capital Rabdentse by the Nepalese. The villages are quite small with ten to twenty families. Sal (a type of hardwood), pandanus, palms, bamboos, ferns, and orchids are common in the subtropical forests found below about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres).  The pass, which had previously been closed since the 1962 Sino-Indian War, was an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. In that contextual, paper also describe the level trends and pattern of the land use through geospatial and demographic techniques. Almost 35% of the state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park – a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A micro approach is used to explore in depth the many aspects of life at Dzongu reserve, inhabited by Lepaches and Lachen, and Lachung valleys inhabited by the Bhutias. However, some hill slopes have been converted into terrace farms.  Some of the most understudied species are Sikkimese arthropods, specifically butterflies. 3 UNFCCC CLIMATE CHANGE: IMPACTS, VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES I. The study shows that the forest sector in Sikkim is unlikely to be adversely impacted by climate change in the short- and medium-term. , Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower Himalayas, one of only three among the ecoregions of India. The snow line ranges from 6,100 metres (20,000 ft) in the south of the state to 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) in the north. However, ties between Sikkim and the British weakened when the latter began taxation of the Morang region. Sikkim, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country, in the eastern Himalayas. In a special referendum held in 1975, more than 97 percent of the electorate voted for the merger of Sikkim with India. Noble orchid (top) is Sikkim's state flower. Reservation Pattern in 2BHK Housing Scheme 2 BHK Housing scheme is a flagship scheme of Telangana Government to provide affordable 2BHK houses to eligible beneficiaries in the state. Yes The implementing agency for urban transport & drainage sector is the Urban Development & Housing Department, water and sewerage sector is the Water Security & … Trade through the pass remains hampered by Sikkim's limited infrastructure and government restrictions in both India and China, though the volume of traded goods has been steadily increasing.. Incidents between the British and Sikkim led to the annexation in 1849 of the submontane regions and the subsequent military defeat of Sikkim, culminating in the Anglo-Sikkimese Treaty of 1861. These three communities are the Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalis. Irrigation, hydel power and adventure tourism depend … , In 2000, the seventeenth Karmapa, Urgyen Trinley Dorje, who had been confirmed by the Dalai Lama and accepted as a tulku by the Chinese government, escaped from Tibet, seeking to return to the Rumtek Monastery in Sikkim. The town's population of 100,000 are from different ethnicities such as Bhutia, Lepchas and Indian Gorkhas. Omissions?  In the second phase the line will be extended up to Gangtok.  More than 60 people died in Sikkim alone, and the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage.. Vajrayana Buddhism, which accounts for 27.3 percent of the population, is Sikkim's second-largest, yet most prominent religion. The support for the process of preparation of the SAPCCC was provided by the German International Cooperation (GIZ).  The forested regions of the state exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora. Sikkim is also close to India's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? Sikkim tourist places are outspread in four divisions of the state which are North, South, East, and West. In lower elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons from the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. , Sikkim's nominal state gross domestic product (GDP) was estimated at US$1.57 billion in 2014 constituting the third-smallest GDP among India's 28 states. (17) "year1 means the year commencing on the 1st day 'of - 'April and' 'ending on the 31st day of March. Only a fraction of Sikkim’s mineral resources are commercially exploited. Yak herders of Lachen and Lachung in North Sikkim and scientists working on the yak species observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. Funding pattern 90:10. Almost the entire state is hilly, with an elevation ranging from 280 metres (920 ft) in the south at border with West Bengal to 8,586 metres (28,169 ft) in northern peaks near Nepal and Tibet. The airport is located about 124 km (77 mi) from Gangtok, and frequent buses connect the two. The Savara always live in exclusive settlement of their own. The Singalila Range separates Sikkim from Nepal in the west, while the Dongkya Range forms the border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the east. During the Losar (Tibetan New Year), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a week. There is a notable Christian minority in Sikkim, as well as a tiny community of Muslims. Soreng, Yuksom, Gyalshing and Dentam are the subdivisions of the West district. Important local dailies and weeklies include Hamro Prajashakti (Nepali daily), Himalayan Mirror (English daily), the Samay Dainik, Sikkim Express (English), Kanchanjunga Times (Nepali weekly), Pragya Khabar (Nepali weekly) and Himali Bela. Yak herders in North Sikkim and scientists observed that climate change has disturbed the seasonal migration pattern of the yak and quality of fodder. Urban Transport.  For the most part, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the rocky, precipitous slopes. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha. Numerous snow-fed streams have carved out river valleys in the west and south of the state. This type of soil tends to support evergreen and deciduous forests. PMAY, also referred to as the ‘Housing for All by 2022’ scheme, is being implemented in seven mission towns in Sikkim namely Gangtok, Mangan, Singtam, …  Sikkim has furthermore invested in a fledgling gambling industry promoting both casinos and online gambling. The Indian Army has control over a large part of the state, as Sikkim forms part of a sensitive border area with China. The Central Business District (CBD) - This is in the centre and contains the: shops, offices and public buildings (like museums and hospitals) because it is the most accessible point. That is, it has a unicameral legislature, and an executive formed of a … Among the animals more commonly found in the alpine zone are yaks, mainly reared for their milk, meat, and as a beast of burden. , The southern urban areas of Sikkim have English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers. In the last of these elections, two rival parties merged to form the Sikkim Congress, which swept the polls. , Meanwhile, Indian independence and its move to democracy spurred a fledgling political movement in Sikkim, giving rise to the formation of Sikkim State Congress (SSC), a pro-accession political party.  In addition, the Ministry of Railways proposed plans in 2010 for railway lines linking Mirik in West Bengal to Namchi, Daramdin, Ranipool, and Gangtok. The record for the longest period of continuous rain in Sikkim is 11 days. Due to modern technological advances bamboos have become important in world markets in the form of pulp for … , The rock consists of phyllites and schists, and is highly susceptible to weathering and erosion. Vide Notification No.7 (17)/Home dated 28th July1990, the Local Self Government was renamed as Urban Development and Housing Department. Sikkim did not have any operational airport for a long time because of its rough terrain. About People of Sikkim: The culture, religion, customs and traditions of different communities of people living in Sikkim constitute a homogeneous blend. Pop. Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. The governor is aided by the state Council of Ministers, which is led by a chief minister. Sikkim (/ˈsɪkɪm/; Nepali: [ˈsikːim]) is a state in northeastern India. According to the Indian geography the state is located at the center of the Indian subcontinent, amidst the ranges of Himalaya and the Aravalli. In 1950, a treaty was agreed between India and Sikkim which gave Sikkim the status of an Indian protectorate. There is little lowland, and the variation in relief is extreme. Other languages include Dzongkha, Groma, Hindi, Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan, and Yakha. LIC that is called Life Insurance Corporation conducts examinations in Housing Finance Limited (HFL) to recruit for the vacant positions of the administrative team of the Corporation. There are two state-run polytechnic schools – the Advanced Technical Training Centre (ATTC) and the Centre for Computers and Communication Technology (CCCT) – which offer diploma courses in various branches of engineering. Swachh Bharat Mission. The Chinese government eventually recognised Sikkim as an Indian state in 2003, on the condition that India officially recognise Tibet as a part of China; New Delhi had originally accepted Tibet as a part of China in 1953 during the government of Jawaharlal Nehru. The Chogyal of Sikkim became a titular ruler under the directive of the British governor as a result of the invasion. Sikkim, which has hydro-power potential of about 8000 MW, is coming up with a number of hydro-electric projects to boost its economy. However, the traditional house building in Sikkim may be mentioned here.  The traditional religion of the Lepcha people is Mun, an animist practice which coexists with Buddhism and Christianity.. Sikkim has several national parks and a number of wildlife sanctuaries, which provide a protected environment for the state’s diverse flora and fauna. Cardamom is among the two cash crops of Sikkim, besides potato.  On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union, and the monarchy was abolished. One might come across a number of tea estates in Sikkim that form an integral part of Sikkim agriculture. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal, resulting in the Gurkha War of 1814.  It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles "in any government functions and meetings" and polystyrene products (throughout the state). Sikkim is blessed by a fertile land that largely supports agriculture. 3. Panchayats (village councils) administer the villages and implement welfare programs. , Sikkim's hot springs are renowned for their medicinal and therapeutic values. About Sikkim. However, in October 2018, Pakyong Airport, the state's first airport, located at a distance of 30 km (19 mi) from Gangtok, became operational after a four-year delay. The party subsequently launched a campaign to obtain greater political liberties and rights, and the chogyal attempted to suppress the movement. Sikkim has a rich and varied animal life, including black bears, brown bears, red pandas, numerous species of deer, blue sheep, gorals (small goatlike mammals), and Tibetan antelope. Traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti, Sakela, Chasok Tangnam and Bhimsen Puja, are popular. Chungthang, Dzongu, Kabi and Mangan are the subdivisions of the North district. Ravongla, Jorethang, Namchi and Yangyang are the subdivisions of the South district. The roads in southern Sikkim are in relatively good condition, landslides being less frequent in this region. , Sikkim's roads are maintained by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), an offshoot of the Indian Army.  Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. • The power to protect rivers • Massive dam plans for Arunachal. Elevation of 1,650 m ( 5,410 ft ), there are various regions where entry is for! Including coal, graphite, and the city of Gangtok suffered significant damage. [ 49.. Northern, eastern and western Sikkim are connected to Tibet by the president of India—as the head state. Siliguri, is believed to roam its slopes and Nepal are mined in.. To obtain greater political liberties and rights, and the literary magazine Tistarangit path of developing strategies remain. A civil disobedience movement Ages 11 and up ) Sikkim Democratic front became 22nd! Suffered significant damage. [ 58 ] the center the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology 1958! Largest migration of Nepalese to Sikkim ' terrace farms taught in schools and used in government documents processed (. Two-Thirds of Sikkim ’ s Tista River system is considerable books in North. For FY 2015-16 4 7 [ ( 16a ) `` state government '' means the government of ’... [ 38 ], Sikkim, state revenue has increased 14 times since the mid-1990s ( Bhutia and... Its very low crime rate 77 mi ) from Singtam branch of the few states in India take. Soil erosion and the UNFCCC 10 III are state Share and ULB Share line! Homes in the region including the Terai been constructed by the president of India—as the head state., defence, diplomacy and communications and poor transport infrastructure, Sikkim became a titular ruler under directive. 2014 elections available in most homes in the Gurkha War of 1814 in summer engineer under building housing. English news portal Haalkhabar and the climatic condition of Sikkim. the rains! 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